To the south of Chakwal

One of the Maari in Bhoun
One of the Maari in Bhoun – Click to Enlarge

lies its oldest village Bhoun. Stretching on both sides of Chakwal-Sargodha Road, the village still holds its cultural touch where Jalsa (bulls’ contest), Chhat (a traditional game of weight lifting) are still in vogue alongside modern day life. The village is dotted with numerous historic sites including grand houses, havelis, ponds, temples and old trees.

Before partition, Bhoun’s population was predominantly Hindu whose major source of income used to be trade and they were well off.

The village remained the largest trade market of the district for decades.

Chakwal’s renowned historian late Professor Anwar Beg Awan who also hailed from Bhoun traces the history of Bhoun in Maha Bharta.

He says there is a reference to Bhoun in the epic book written in 3122BC, calling it the capital of Daroopad Nagar which was a state of present day Punjab.

But Mr Beg was also of the view that Bhoun was the name of one of the sons of Raja Dahir who laid the foundation of this town.

“The Glossary of Tribes and Castes testifies that Bhoun was the son of Raja Dahir,” says Prof Awan in his book Dhan Malooki.

According to him, Bhoun came into existence some 700 years ago. As the town was established by Hindus, it still retains the ruins of Hindu temples.

100 Years old Banyan Tree Bhoun Chakwal
100 Years old Banyan Tree Bhoun, Chakwal – Click to Enlarge

Although the havelis and other grand houses are still in good shape as they were occupied by the Muslim migrants, temples have been ruined and ponds have vanished.

The vast land associated with ponds and temples have been occupied by the influential residents of the village. Muslims razed some temples to avenge the demolition of Babari Mosque.

Bhaun is a town sized village of Chakwal District. Bhaun is located 11 kilometers away from the district capital Chakwal. Bhaun is the largest village of district Chakwal,By 2007 Pakistan Railways announced the resumption of the Bhaun to Chakwal service. But, still no progress has been made to this effect. The importance of this resumption of service and extending it to the salt ranges in Kallar Kahar will bring the significant commercial advantages for the region as the cement factories in the area can use rail for their merchandising. The population in of Bhuan according to the census of 2006 was estimated to be over 35,000, the estimate is now a part of past because now its 2011 and the estimated population is very high now.