Chakwal is one of the under-served districts of Pakistan. The population of the district Chakwal is 1.1 million scattered over an area of nearly 6524 Sq. Geographically, it is part of Rawalpindi division and has five tehsils (Chakwal, Kallar Kahar, Talagang, Choa Saidan Shah and Lawa). Majority of the terrain is rain fed with small patches having access to irrigated water, while half of the terrain is not fit for cultivation, due to uneven rough terrain and extreme weather conditions.
Chakwal is the capital town of District Chakwal, Pakistan. Chakwal is located at 90 Kilometer distance from the federal capital of Islamic Republic of Pakistan. The city of Chakwal is named after the name of Chaudhry Chakku, who was the chief of Minhas tribe, and was belonged to Jammu, Chaudhry Chakku founded a town called Chakwal in 1525 CE, during the Mughal Emperor Zaheeruddin Babar’s Era. The town named Chakwal was the central town of Dhan Chaurasi for many centuries, in the year 1881, in the British Era, Chakwal was declared as Tehsil Headquarters. Chakwal was finally declared as a district in 1985 by the President of Pakistan General Muhammad Zia ul Haq.
The city of Chakwal is bordered with the districts of Attock and Rawalpindi in the north, and is bordered with Jhelum District in the east, and the Khushab District in South and the Mianwali District in west side of Chakwal District. As enumeration of 1998 census, the estimated total population of Chakwal was 1,083,725, 21,01% of which was the urban population of Chakwal, which makes Chakwal the most rural district of Punjab.
The city of Chakwal is located at the plateau of Potohar and the Salt range of Pakistan. The District Chakwal is mainly a rainy or baraani district of Punjab, and its terrain is mainly hilly, the hills are located in southwest of Chakwal District and hills are covered with the scrub forest, and in the northeast it is intercepted with leveled plains and rocky patches.
The tribes, and clans that inhabit in District Chakwal are Jatt Khokhars, Jatt Bhuttas, Awans, Mair Minhas, Kahuts, Janjuas, Mughal Kassars, Gujjars, Syeds, Gondals, Arains, Sheikhs, Awans. The notable physical features of District Chakwal are its Tribes, its Society and its Economy, all together make Chakwal, one of the most recruiting areas for Pakistan Army, Pakistan Navi, Pakistan Air Force and Police. The other main occupations of Chakwal’s people are mining and agriculture, somehow poultry and transport are also take a vital place in the occupational structure of the District Chakwal.
There are 11 Police Station located in District Chakwal, namely Chakwal City Police Station, Saddar Police Station Chakwal, Kallar Kahar Police Station, Dhumman Police Station, Nila Police Station, Dhudhia Police Station, Talagang City Police Station, Saddar Police Station Talagang, Tamman Police Station Talagang, Lawa Police Station, and the Choa Saidan Shah Police Station.
There are 68 Union Councils in Chakwal District in its all five Tehsils:
Tehsil Chakwal 30 Union Councils
Tehsil Kallar Kahar 08 Union Councils
Tehsil Choa Saidan Shah 07 Union Councils
Tehsil Talagang 17 Union Councils
Tehsil Lawa 06 Union Councils
Now it comes to political establishment of District Chakwal, Chakwal comprises 2 seats (NA-60 and NA-61) in the National Assembly of Islamic Republic of Pakistan, and it has 4 seats (PP-20, PP-21, PP-22, and PP-23) in Provincial Assembly of Punjab.
In Chakwal, there is 01 District Council, 02 Municipal Committees (Talagang and Chakwal), and 02 Town Committees (Choa Saidan Shah and Kallar Kahar). The cultural heritage of District Chakwal is based on the Islamic Structures.